Opening Session of the UN Climate Change Summit in Warsaw, Poland
​The nineteenth session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 19) took place from 11 to 22 November 2013 in Warsaw, Poland. The conference attracted members from 200 countries and territories around the world. The country will focus on discussing the agreement against global climate change to replace the Kyoto Protocol expires in 2020.

Addressing the opening session, the Minister of Environment of Poland - Mr. Marcin Korolec emphasized: “Climate is a global issue, global problem and at the same time, global opportunity for all human being when people learned how to increase solidarity to prevent this situation…" and The Minister also emphasized: “Only two days ago, a powerful typhoon swept through the Philippines, claiming thousands of lives, leaving hundreds of thousands of people displaced from their homes. A great human tragedy. Unforgettable, painful, awakening. I say awakening because it is yet another proof that we are losing this unequal struggle between man and nature. It got the better of us yet again, and will continue to do so in the future if we do not close ranks and act together to strike back".

Philippines lead negotiator Yeb Sano has just addressed the opening session of the UN climate summit in Warsaw – calling all countries to turn the target set in Warsaw this time to become a reality, it became a landmark to demonstrate hat humans really are interested in the issue of climate change and  calling for urgent action to prevent a repeat of the devastating storm as what caused Haiyan Storm. The call has received enthusiastic responses of all participants.

Ms. Christina Figueres, Executive Secretary United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) said that the World is ready and being strong action to protect environment, because of security, energy, economics and governance.

Ms. Christina Figueres said the goal of international community on global warming limitations does not exceed 2°C compared to pre-industrial stage. However, without action, temperatures will be able to increase to nearly 5°C in the period from now until the end of the century and extreme weather events will increase constantly.

This Conference will continue to set the stage for a period of 2 years before Paris to host the Summit of the United Nations on climate change, which will conclude about a global agreement, ambitious and legally binding on emission reduction causing greenhouse effect in 2015 and will start to take effect from 2020.

Until the present time, the only text limiting toxic emissions causing the greenhouse effect is the Kyoto Protocol, however, it only binds industrialized countries except the United States has not adopted the Protocol and including 15% of total emissions. Upcoming agreement will replace the Kyoto Protocol which will expire in 2020, will bind the United States and big emerging countries including China.

Ms. Christiana Figueres called on delegates "Clarify the issues of the new agreement, identify the programmes on climate, economy and development after 2020" and achieve progresses on financial assistance to help the southern countries adapt to climate change.

The Conference in Warsaw hopes to push the developed countries to increase their aid to developing countries, in accordance with previous commitments to provide $ 100 billion per year to help the countries cope with negative impacts of climate change, about 10 times compared with the period of 2010-2012.